german settlers south africa 1858

A number of books have been written about the early German immigrants, most notably Hoge's "Personalia of the Germans at the Cape". The Kaffraria Germans are actually members of three very different groups that settled in Kaffraria in the 19th Century: The Lutheran Church of Hannover did supply pastors for the Germans in the Eastern Cape, but there were never enough of them to go around. Additional 19th century settlers are being added. The soldiers were settled in Kaffraria, a new colony on the eastern fringes of the Cape colony that had seen very little development until then. These men had been recruited for service with British forces in the Crimean War (1854-6) and were stationed in England. This new goup was allocated land closer to East London (in Oberkwelaha, Brackfontein and Lilyfontein). Maybe they came to South Africa. As this was where the first two groups of Germans had been settled, their land was expropriated by the government. But there also needs to be the desire and the means of keeping up a separate identity and language. This book deals with the conditions which led them to want to emigrate and the challenges they faced on arrival in the Eastern Cape. Most of them had been poor peasants in Germany and were not accustomed to running their own farms. They seem to have been more highly educated and experienced farmers than the first group. Lists of military and peasant settler names and maps indicating where they came from and where they settled are included. About 4000 Germans emigrated to the Cape during the Dutch period - almost all of them males. For the Baptists this was not such an issue, as laymen could much more easily take over when there was a lack of clergy. They were settled among the mercenaries of the Crimean Legion, mostly in remote areas. In Kaffraria the legionaires established villages - unfortunately the military and strategic considerations outweighed the economic ones, with the villages ending up in remote and waterless locations. Both these factors seem to have been lacking in Kaffraria from very early on: The will to keep German going as a separate language seems to have been lacking among the Kaffraria Germans. One such area was that part of the Eastern Cape which later became the Ciskei. The schools had been founded and run by mercenaries, but once they had left Kaffraria, there was no-one except for the pastors and their off-spring with a sufficient level of education to keep the schools running. This denominational split reduced the chances of a separate German community surviving for long. Early … It is also a place where you can share links to online resources, tell other users where records etc. Also, if you have specific questions on Kaffraria Germans, or would like to find literature on the topic, you can contact Stephanie Victor who is the Curator of History at the Amathole Museum in King Williams Town. More German settlers, this time peasant farmers from Pomerania, arrived in 1858. The final blow for the German schools came during the time of the World Wars. Most of them had been poor peasants in Germany and were not accustomed to running their own farms. The main contribution of the German Crimean Legion was therefore the establishment of villages, to which they gave German names. For names of those who married in England, on board ship or on arrival in South Africa see the free site: *www.sagenealogy.co.za/German%20Military%20Marriages%201857.htm [1]. Victor, S, Curator of the Amathole Museum, King William's Town, personal correspondence. There is no complete nationwide index to pre-1837 birth, marriage, or death records. WELKOM CUZZINS! - you do need to first be a collaborator - so join the project. The will to keep German going as a separate language seems to have been lacking among the Kaffraria Germans. In 1695 there were still only 340 free-burghers. They subsequently left their farms and settled in the local towns or other areas of South Africa. German missionaries established themselves at various centres in South Africa. In contrast to all other German settlements in South Africa, the Kaffraria Germans were not a uniformly Lutheran group. This was when it was taken over by Union of South Africa as part of the British Empire and administered as South-West Africa, and then finally becoming Namibia in 1990. The Germans who were at the Cape in the 17th C were not emigrants but worked for the Dutch East India Company, perhaps initially in Holland and then sent to the Cape. The main contribution of the German Crimean Legion was therefore the establishment of villages, to which they gave German names. German South-West Africa was a colony of the German Empire between 1884 and 1915. The implementation of the Group Areas Act during the Apartheid era, was the final blow for a separate German community in the Eastern Cape. Only a small portion of this group ended up settling in the Eastern Cape - most settlers, including the Philippi Germans, preferred to settle in or around Cape Town. The larger centres in this area are East London and King Williams Town. WELKOM CUZZINS! Also, if you have specific questions on Kaffraria Germans, or would like to find literature on the topic, you can contact Stephanie Victor who is the Curator of History at the Amathole Museum in King Williams Town. The German Crimean Legion Britain It was suggested that the men marry, with the incentive being free passages for wives, resulting in last-minute weddings at the quayside. They remained poor and were generally despised by the more successful British settlers. The German Crimean Legion, 1856 The German school in King Williams Town was closed during the First World War and the one in East London during the Second. Obviously the general directions are the same as for all other South Africans, but there are a few extra sources, which are to be discussed here. Also, the close contact between German and English Baptists helped this development along. Additional South Africa Genealogy Resources The eGGSA Passenger List Project A project to transcribe all passenger lists in the South African archives German South Africa Resources German genealogy in South Africa 1820 British Settlers 1820 South Africa British Settlers' Genealogy and other information. From here it was intended they should sail to South Africa but the war ended before their departure. On top of this very few of the soldiers were married (some had picked themselves wives in England, while Irish girls were 'imported' for others). The Kaffraria Germans are actually members of three very different groups that settled in Kaffraria in the 19th Century: Britain declared war on Russia in 1854 following Russian incrusions into the Crimean - an area that had been held by the Ottoman empire until then. They arrived in the bay of today's Cape Town, on 6 April 1652, on board five ships, the Reijer, the Oliphant, the Goede Hoop, the Walvisch and the Dromedaris., A number of these settlers were from Germany, displaced from there by the 30-year war (1618-1648). The year was 1858 when Lutheran Missionary Pastor Christian Müller established the church on the farm – then known as – Kronendal. (See a list of some of these very early settlers below0. But unlike most other areas of German setlement, little German is spoken in this area nowadays. Scarce, cataloguing at R1 150.00. A German mercenary army was put together, but by the time it had arrived in Britain, the war was already over. For a minority to keep its separate language it needs an adequate number of schools. To survive, the German settlers were therefore forced to work for English farmers in the more fertile regions or to find jobs in the main centres. Ancestry.com, FindMyPast.com, and MyHeritage.com can be searched free of charge at your local family history center or the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah. If the individual immigrated after 1 July 1837, you may find the place of origin by using the general indexes to births, marriages, and deaths. The mercenaries were offered an opportunity of settling in South Africa, which about 2500 of them accepted. In 1992, Simple Shweshwe Dress Vasco da Gamma purchased the sole rights to the design and are the sole producer of the primary print. GERMAN SETTLERS IN SOUTH AFRICA : 1858 - 1958 : COMMEMORATIVE COVER in the Republic of South Africa category was sold for R45.00 on 9 Jan at 21:16 by Klaas47 in Cape Town (ID:260103193) Most of them had been poor peasants in Germany and were not accustomed to running their own farms. can be found and make queries or ask for help through the discussion facility. Get the answers to those important questions on our friendly expat forums as well as asking other German expats for their advice at our exclusive events in cities like Johannesburg or Cape Town. A third group of Germans from Lower Saxony arrived in 1877. They include 1820 settler records, German immigrants, Indian indentured migrants, and other immigrants. More databases will be added soon. Simple Shweshwe Dress The cloth first arrived in South Africa with German settlers in 1858. There is also a new database of Military Deserters in the Cape Colony during the 1800s. History of the Kaffraria Germans in and around East London, An Index to the surnames of Kaffraria Germans, database of names of soldiers of the German legion. Join Geni to explore your genealogy and family history in the World's Largest Family Tree. More German settlers, this time peasant farmers from Pomerania, arrived in 1858. In a predominantly English area, the Germans avoided using their language in public. This was during the era of assisted emigration to the Cape between 1857 and 1862. Please add related projects to the menu on the right. Search a database of names of soldiers of the German legion who settled in Kaffraria and read about the contributions the soldiers made to the development of the area. In 1858 over two thousand German peasants left Prussia (mainly Pomerania and Uckermark)to settle in South Africa.They were brought out in response to the failed German Military Settler Scheme of 1857. In 1691, the population was 1000 Europeans especially Dutch (85%), German (5%) & Huguenots (10%) and 400 slaves. The Colonists of 1858. The five panels depict: The farewell from Germany; the voyage to South Africa; building a home; ploughing the … History of Kroondal. After about 10 years most had prospered and had been able to take ownership of their lands. It is well known that large numbers of German settlers travelled to Buffalo City during the mid-1800s. Kaffraria was once a British Crown Colony in the Eastern Cape region of South Africa. From here it was intended they should sail to South Africa but the war ended before their departure. Ease your move to South Africa with InterNations — the world's trusted expat network. The schools had been founded and run by mercenaries, but once they had left Kaffraria, there was no-one except for the pastors and their off-spring with a sufficient level of education to keep the schools running. They were settled among the mercenaries of the Crimean Legion, mostly in remote areas. The party was made up of 90 settlers, most of them were Dutch & a number of people were from Germany. Furthermore, the Germans tended to be quite poor, and could hardly afford to keep the schools going. In Kaffraria the legionaires established villages - unfortunately the military and strategic considerations outweighed the economic ones, with the villages ending up in remote and waterless locations. Feb 18, 2019 - Explore Zelia's board "GERMAN SETTLERS SOUTH AFRICA", followed by 290 people on Pinterest. While the Eurpoeans received by far the most and the best land, they did lose some areas to other groups. The farms allocated to them were consistently of very poor quality so that it was impossible to survive by farming alone. The Lutheran Church of Hannover did supply pastors for the Germans in the Eastern Cape, but there were never enough of them to go around. Many quickly realised that the land allocated to them - though better than the first group had received - was inadequate. The following web sites hold the largest amount of pre-1837 data: Family… A German primary school was opened again at a later stage in East London but has since closed again. The information supplied here was largely taken from the article "Die Kaffrariadeutschen", written by Rolf Grüner for the Special edition of 'Lantern' published in February 1992. They established the settlement of New Germany, where they soon built a church and a school. Settlements of the German military settlers in Kaffraria, Cape, 1857 ... many former members of the GMS gave valuable service to South Africa, ... J F & Pape, B E, Germans in Kaffraria 1858-1958, (King William's Town, 1958). The soldiers (2362 in all) were instead sent to the Cape as settlers, arriving in East London in early 1857. The Colonists of 1858 and Most settlers came from Pomerania, the 'Uckermark' and the 'Wendland' - refer to the Ship's passenger lists for more details. Notable Germans in South Africa. While the Eurpoeans received by far the most and the best land, they did lose some areas to other groups. The main indication remaining today of German influence in this area is the presence of quite a few German place names, such as Berlin, Potsdam, Frankfurt, Stutterheim and Braunschweig. The main indication remaining today of German influence in this area is the presence of quite a few German place names, such as Berlin, Potsdam, Frankfurt, Stutterheim and Braunschweig. Furthermore, they also assisted in establishing German congregations and schools, in which most teachers were retired soldiers. About South Africa, Immigration Index, 1858-1986 This database contains a collection of details extracted from various South African immigration documents. Please only add the profiles of the Stamvaders/Progenitors who came from Germany. A third group of Germans from Lower Saxony arrived in 1877. Many of the colonists spoke Low German dialects as their home language. Just under a decade after the Bergtheil Settlers arrived in Natal, German Military Settlers were sent to South Africa. If you do not know how to do this please contact one of the other collaborators to assist you. Rudi Ball (1911–1975), German-South African Hall of Fame ice hockey player Settlements of the German military settlers in Kaffraria, Cape, 1857 ... many former members of the GMS gave valuable service to South Africa, ... J F & Pape, B E, Germans in Kaffraria 1858-1958, (King William's Town, 1958). The farms allocated to them were consistently of very poor quality so that it was impossible to survive by farming alone. Some saw Germany's behavior in South-West Africa as a precursor of German actions in the Holocaust. 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