important african american

1844-1929. Poet, novelist, playwright, newspaper columnist. Explore articles and videos of some of the most prominent African Americans in politics, the arts, law, science and sports who have made Black History what it is today. the "Brown Bomber;" heavyweight boxing champion. A.K.A. Sarah Breedlove; founded the Madame C.J. The form of African cultural teaching and transmission is based on oral teaching and imitation. Consider these five reasons to teach Black History year round. "Queen of Soul;" first woman to be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Museum Dedicated to African … First African American to play Major League Baseball in the 20th century. African Americans have influenced various forms of music, including Hip hop, R&B, funk, rock and roll, soul, blues, and other contemporary American musical forms while older black forms of music included blues, doo-wop, barbershop, ragtime, bluegrass, jazz, and gospel music. When African-American history is studied all year round, children understand that African-American history is important. This mixture can be evidenced in Latin American countries such as Colombia with Afro-Colombians, Uruguay with Afro-Uruguayans and Venez… Black Hawk 1767-1838. Among white Americans, only 14% did not finish on time. From the earliest days of the African presence in the United States, blacks have contributed to the fiber of American culture, ranging from useful inventions to innovative musical interludes, and beyond. Hall of Famer; holds career mark for home runs, RBIs, other records. Rock and roll singer, songwriter, guitarist. The culture is used as their identity to differentiate them from the colored and white people. Mary McLeod Bethune was an African American educator and civil rights leader best known for her work co-founding the Bethune-Cookman University in Florida. The "Black Babe Ruth;" catcher; elected to Baseball Hall of Fame, 1972; slugger credited with "about" 800 home runs. Thought little change was achieved in the ‘Progressive Era’, Du Bois laid the framework for the NAACP and future civil rights movements. Even today, his name is synonymous with Native American culture, and he is considered to be one of the most famous Native Americans ever. The "First Lady of Song;" winner of 13 Grammy awards. African stories, fables and oratory traditions have been embedded into American culture, providing a childhood infrastructure for learning and development through the use of nursery rhymes. A.K.A. A.K.A. Sgt. Won four gold medals at the 1936 Olympics in Berlin, embarrassing German dictator Adolf Hitler. Created the "Rainbow Coalition" of various minority groups. It is implemented on their music, writing style, painting, art, clothes, hairstyle and many more. Was at the forefront of almost every major development in jazz after World War II. Taught former slaves farming techniques for self-sufficiency; known for suggesting hundreds of uses for the peanut, other plants. First African American elected to the U.S. Senate. In 1831, led failed slave rebellion in Southampton County, Virginia; the most remarkable instance of black resistance to enslavement. Hopefully a renewed Black History Month can focus attention on the importance of preserving African American culture. A.K.A. African Americans are mainly of African ancestry, but many have non-Black ancestors as well. The following individuals have been selected from thousands of examples of selfless acts, sacrificing, in some cases, their own lives for the betterment of all. Politician, civil rights activist, minister. Barack Obama: 2008 election night rally President-elect Barack Obama waving to the crowd at a massive election night rally in Chicago's Grant Park on November 4, 2008. The … Recorded more than 30 Top-10 hits, won nearly two dozen Grammys, including one for lifetime achievement; been inducted into both the Rock and Roll, Songwriters halls of fame. Known for his novel, Go Tell it on the Mountain. However, the historical Black and African American experience in America has and continues to be characterized by trauma and violence more often than for their White counterparts and impacts emotional and mental health of both youth and adults. "Father of Pan-Africanism" with issues of segregation, political disenfranchisement. Famous for whistling and singing "The Whistling Coon" and "The Laughing Coon.". Prominent member of the Black Panther party; author of Soul on Ice. Edward Brooke became the first African-American Senator since Reconstruction, 1966–1979. Carney was the first African American to be awarded the Medal of Honor. Was the first African American, and first individual of non-European ethnicity or race, to be so honored in the history of the prize. Brought soulful sound to everything from country music to pop standards to now-iconic rendition of "America the Beautiful.". Considered to be the original "clown prince" of the Trotters. "The Say Hey Kid," played center field; Hall of Famer; regarded as one of the finest players ever to have played the game. Singer, songwriter, producer, musician, humanitarian, social activist. Senator since Reconstruction. First African American to make vocal blues recordings, in 1920. First African-American general in the U.S. Army. 4. Carol Mosely Braun became the first black woman … The only NBA rookie to win the NBA Finals MVP Award. 2008 Barack Obama (1961 -) becomes the first African American to win the U.S. presidential race. In addition, the study of African-American history is part of a well-rounded homeschool curriculum. 1967Edward W. Brooke (1919 -) becomes the first African American U.S. One of the first African-American poets whose works were published. First baseman; called the "Black Lou Gehrig" as a result of hitting prowess, defensive position. He is called as one of two most powerful leaders in Black Muslims along with Elijah Muhammad. George Washington Buckner. Communist, labor organizer, social activist. In 1816, founded the African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church in Philadelphia. Physician and diplomat. Instrumental in eventually desegregating the University of Mississippi. By contrast, 31% of African American students and 27% of Hispanic students did not finish high school with their peers. Basquiat was born in Brooklyn to a Puerto Rican mother and a Haitian father in 1960. One of the key figures behind the formation of the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP). 5. Invented an automatic lubricator for oiling the steam engines of locomotives, boats, etc. Obviously, this table provides only a small sample of these courageous Americans; u-s-history.com will continue to add to this list from time to time. Enslaved African American Nat Turner (1800-1831) led an effective rebellion with fellow slaves in Southampton County, Virginia, U.S. in August 1831. Due to this high incarceration rate, every 1 in 9 African American children you pass on the sidewalk may have or might have had a parent in prison. Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1969 and the Legion of Honor by France in 1973. And there is no higher cause than honoring our struggle and ancestors by remembering. He is famous in both American and Native American history mostly for his major victory at the Battle of Little Bighorn against Custer, where his ‘premonition’ of defeating them became reality. Was a dancer, singer, multi-instrumentalist (vibraphone, trumpet, drums); impressionist, comedian, actor. College All-American in football, lacrosse; Pro Football Hall of Fame running back. First black heavyweight boxing champion of the world. Was able to make the calculations to predict solar and lunar eclipses and to compile an ephemeris for the Benjamin Banneker`s Almanac. Africans made various musical instruments like rattles, banjos, and drums with the help of vegetables like gourds. Pronounced the greatest pitcher in the history of the Negro Leagues; career highlights span five decades; legendary showman. J.R.R. The Challenge of Maintaining a Community . First African-American woman elected to Congress. Elijah McCoy. Carney was the first African American to be awarded the Medal of Honor. du Sable built his first house in the 1770s, 30 years before Fort Dearborn was established on the banks of the Chicago River. Vaudeville singer, dancer, pianist, actress, blues singer. African Americans - African Americans - Slavery in the United States: Black slaves played a major, though unwilling and generally unrewarded, role in laying the economic foundations of the United States—especially in the South. 1968Martin Luther King, Jr. is assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. Shuffle Along (with Noble Sissle), in 1921, was the first Broadway musical ever to be written and directed by African Americans. He rejected the Atlanta compromise of 1909 but insisted on full equality. Finally, the educational benefits of doing so cannot be denied. Particularly known for his insightful, colorful portrayals of black life in America from the 1920s through the 1960s. As the African American Community diversifies and splinters, … The Africans also made great use of the guitar, piano, and congo apart from numerous others. Was also a strong supporter of Prohibition and woman`s suffrage. He serves two terms as a Senator from Massachusetts. New York City would continue to serve as a catalyst for African American artists for decades, with Jean-Michel Basquiat among the Big Apple's most famous artists—and contemporary art 's most universally recognized figures. African Americans make a sizable portion of prisoners: Studies infer that 52% of homicides are committed by African American individuals. The cultivation and use of many agricultural products in the United States, such as yams, peanuts, rice, okra, sorghum, grits, watermelon, indigo dyes, and cotton, can be traced to West African and African-American influences. First African American to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court. Civil rights activist, sociologist, historian, writer, editor, poet, freemason, scholar. Renowned poets and writers such as Maya Angelou and Zora Neale Hurst are foremost names that come to mind. In 1952, he was selected as the minister of the Nation of Islam. Jackie Robinson - First African-American to play in Major League Baseball Augusta Savage - Artist during the Harlem Renaissance Robert Smalls - Civil War hero who later became a Congressman Sojourner Truth - An escaped slave who fought for the end of the slavery and women's rights Famous people with African Connection. Best known for her autobiographical writings I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings (1969); All God`s Children Need Traveling Shoes (1986). Best known for the "Bo Diddley beat", a rhumba-based beat. Most noted for inventing the multiple-effect evaporator, an energy-efficient means of evaporating water. "Sage of Anacostia;" among the most prominent and influential African-American lecturers and authors in U.S. history. Kennedy Center Honors recipient, most known for her frenetic interpretation of "Proud Mary" by Credence Clearwater Revival. Abolitionist, editor, orator, author, statesman, reformer. Believed that people of African descent should work together to battle prejudice, inequality. From their earliest presence in North America, African Americans have significantly contributed literature, art, agricultural skills, cuisine, clothing styles, music, language, and social and technological innovation to American culture. First African American to serve as diplomatic minister to a foreign country. The individuals that make up the whole of the black population, have offered up their talents to forward the cause of peace and prosperity in America. Considered "The Father of Chicago Blues.". Azikiwe, Nnamdi – First President of modern Nigeria (1963 – 1966). Walker Manufacturing Company to sell hair care products and cosmetics. Zulu, Shaka (1787 – 1828). Best known as founder of Kwanzaa, a week-long celebration following Christmas. Considered the greatest defensive center to ever play the game. Mbeki, Thabo South African Vice President. First African-American woman to be a competitor on the world tennis tour. Lew Alcindor; NBA`s all-time leading scorer. Facts about African American History 10: Malcolm X Malcolm X is one of the important black people in United States. The African legacy in America has diverse folk manifestations ranging from dress, singing, music and beliefs. Isabella Baumfree; noted speaker for both the abolitionist movement and the women`s rights movement. Mario deValdes y Cocom, an historian of the African diaspora, researched some of history's more interesting examples of mixed racial heritage: Allessandro de Medici Giulia and Giulia's Portrait. The "Big Dipper;" regarded as one of the most dominant basketball players of all time. Cassius Clay; three-time heavyweight boxing champion; crowned Sportsman of the (20th) Century by Sports Illustrated. Folklorist, civil rights movement. `` is assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee into a popular art.... 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