british overseas territories list

Population: 35,000 Area: 6.7 km2 (2.6 mi2) Gibraltar is the second smallest British territory and the only one which is a part of continental Europe. After the independence of Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) in Africa in 1980 and British Honduras (now Belize) in Central America in 1981, the last major colony that remained was Hong Kong, with a population of over 5 million. British Antar… And if you insist on having the Isle of Man and the "Channel Islands", although they are NOT overseas territories, then you should show them as Guernsey and Jersey - they are separate from each other despite their geographical proximity. The British Overseas Territories (BOTs), also known as United Kingdom Overseas Territories (UKOTs), are fourteen territories all with a constitutional and historical link with the United Kingdom. The UK's mainland consists of the island of Great Britain (England, Scotland, and Wales) and Northern Ireland. British Indian Ocean Territory 5. 1.1 The status of "British Dependent Territory" was created by the BNA 1981 and, by virtue of a connection with such a place, a person may be or become a BDTC under Part II of the 1981 Act. BRITISH OVERSEAS TERRITORIES . Britain provides financial assistance to the overseas territories via the Department for International Development. The OCT Association also provided overseas territories with structural funding for regeneration projects. Some territories may have other forces beyond the main territorial police, for instance an airport police, such as Airport Security Police (Bermuda), or a defence police force, such as the Gibraltar Defence Police. They all have the British monarch as head of state. For these residents, registration as full British citizens then required physical residence in the UK proper. It has a long history of worldwide exploration and it is known for its historic colonies around the world. Great Britain used to control a quarter of the world, but today, they control a single autonomous region and 14 Overseas Territories. Only the latter grants the right of abode in a specific country or territory, namely, the United Kingdom proper which includes its three Crown Dependencies. The Union Flag is used in these territories. [90], A Stoplight Parrotfish in Princess Alexandra Land and Sea National Park, Providenciales, Turks and Caicos Islands, Click on a coloured area to see an article about English in that country or region, "BOTs" redirects here. [55][56] Within the FCO, the general responsibility for the territories is handled by the Overseas Territories Directorate. The UK exerts its formal control through a governor of each territory, appointed by the British Monarch. There is no native or permanent population; therefore there is no elected government. There were only two exceptions: Falkland Islanders, who were automatically granted British citizenship and was treated as a part of the UK proper through the enactment of British Nationality (Falkland Islands) Act 1983 due to the Falklands War with Argentina, and Gibraltarians who were given the special entitlement to be registered as British citizens upon request without further conditions because of its individual membership in the European Economic Area and the European Community.[66]. Pound sterling (de jure)[76][77]. Currently (2019) all but two Governors are either career diplomats or have worked in other Civil Service departments. British Empire, a worldwide system of dependencies— colonies, protectorates, and other territories—that over a span of some three centuries was brought under the sovereignty of the crown of Great Britain and the administration of the British government. George Town in the Cayman Islands has consequently become the largest city in the Overseas Territories. Image credit: Everett Collection/Shutterstock. The UK's mainland consists of the island of Great Britain (England, Scotland, and Wales) and Northern Ireland. Overseas citizens held concurrent European Union citizenship, having given them rights of free movement across all EU member states. It has a long history of worldwide exploration and it is known for its historic colonies around the world. The British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) is the subject of a territorial dispute with Mauritius, the government of which claims that the separation of the Chagos Archipelago from the rest of British Mauritius in 1965, three years before Mauritius was granted independence from the United Kingdom, was not lawful. [78], Shara Proctor from Anguilla, Delano Williams from the Turks and Caicos Islands, Jenaya Wade-Fray from Bermuda[79] and Georgina Cassar from Gibraltar strived to represent Team GB at the London 2012 Olympics. [83], The UK created the largest continuous marine protected areas in the world, the Chagos Marine Protected Area, and announced in 2015 funding to establish a new, larger, reserve around the Pitcairn Islands. Through a process of decolonisation following the Second World War, most of the British colonies in Africa, Asia and the Caribbean gained independence. British Overseas Territories and List of British flags are connected through Flag of Gibraltar, Coat of arms of Gibraltar, Red Ensign and more.. The protected area would be 234,291 square kilometers, half of which would be closed to fishing. The territory includes three regions which were administered independently as part of the Falkland Islands before 1962. Responsibility for protection of biodiversity and meeting obligations under international environmental conventions is shared between the UK Government and the local governments of the territories. United States dollar (widely circulated and accepted universally)[citation needed], Cayman Islands dollar (pegged to US dollar at 1KYD=1.2USD), New Zealand dollar Early colonies, in the sense of English subjects residing in lands hitherto outside the control of the English government, were generally known as "Plantations". The British originally took control of Gibraltar to control shipping and out of the Mediterranean Sea. The following is a list of the 14 British Overseas Territories arranged by land area. Pound sterling (widely circulated and accepted universally)[citation needed] Foreign affairs of the overseas territories are handled by the FCO in London. Anguilla 2. A territory may issue belonger status to allow a person to reside in the territory that they have close links with. The Sovereign Base Areas in Cyprus were never part of the European Union, but they are the only British overseas territory to use the euro as official currency. The current Constitution, incorporating a Bill of Rights, was ordained by a statutory instrument of the United Kingdom in 2009. The Commander British Forces Cyprus acts as the territory's Administrator, with a Chief Officer responsible for day-to-day running of the civil government. Some of these cookies are essential, while others help us to improve your experience by providing insights into how the site is being used. Governed by the Crown as the Head of State, currently Queen Elizabeth II, representatives are appointed in each territory to exercise the monarch’s executive power. The clock is ticking, and all eyes are on London. [86], The three regions of biodiversity hotspots situated in the British Overseas Territories are the Caribbean Islands, the Mediterranean Basin and the Oceania ecozone in the Pacific. Most British Overseas Territories are self-governing but rely on the UK in crucial matters of foreign policy etc. [1][2] They are remnants of the British Empire and do not form part of the United Kingdom itself. For other uses, see, Territories under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom, Location of the United Kingdom and the British Overseas Territories, British Overseas Territories Joint Ministerial Council, Articles relating to British overseas territories, Section 5 of British Nationality Act 1983. Those with family links to a British overseas territory will probably become a British overseas territories citizen (BOTC). Prior to 1 January 1983, the territories were officially referred to as British Crown Colonies. The UK exerts its formal control through a governor of each territory, appointed by the British Monarch. It retains strong cultural ties with Britain. Spain has contested British control of Gibraltar since it was cede… Five years after the handover of Hong Kong to China in 1997, the British government amended the 1981 Act to give British citizenship without restrictions to all BDTCs (the status was also renamed BOTC at the same time) except for those solely connected with Akrotiri and Dhekelia (whose residents already held Cypriot citizenship). [83], Two areas, Henderson Island in the Pitcairn Islands as well as the Gough and Inaccessible Islands of Tristan Da Cunha are listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, and two other territories, the Turks and Caicos Islands, and Saint Helena are on the United Kingdom's tentative list for future UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The bicameral, The Turks and Caicos Islands adopted a new constitution effective 9 August 2006; their head of government now also has the title, All members elected either as MPs in the UK cabinet, Defence, security and safety of the territories and their people. Gibraltar was not a member of the European Union in its own right, having had its representation in the European Parliament through its Members from South West England. Most countries do not recognise the sovereignty claims of any other country, including Britain's, to Antarctica and its off-shore islands. In addition, most territories have customs, immigration, border, and coastguard agencies. 1. Cayman Islands 7. Amidst the mass decolonization of the British Rule some of the colonies remained under British Monarchy, formulating eventually into the British Overseas Territories. Exceptionally, in the oversea territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, an Administrator is appointed to be the Governor's representative in each of the two distant parts of the territory, namely Ascension Island and Tristan da Cunha. A British Overseas Territory is one of fourteen territories which the United Kingdom considers to be under its sovereignty, but not as part of the United Kingdom itself. Geography of the Territories of the United States, Geography of the Windward and Leeward Islands, M.A., Geography, California State University - East Bay, B.A., English and Geography, California State University - Sacramento. She holds a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) from California State University. There are a total of 14 British overseas territories — 10 of which are included on the UN's list of non-self-governing territories. The British Overseas Territories (BOTs) maintain their own rules regarding immigration requirements different from the visa policy of the United Kingdom, but remain under its sovereignty.As a general rule, British citizen passport holders do not generally have automatic right of abode in these territories. Ian Hendry and Susan Dickson, "British Overseas Territories Law" (London: Hart Publishing, 2011), Senior British representatives in the constituent protected states, Senior British representatives in the neighbouring Malayan protected states, Senior British representatives in neighbouring protected states, This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 07:47. Before 1981 the territories were known as colonies or Crown colonies. A Commissioner has the same powers as a Governor, but also acts as the head of government. Separate self-governing colonies federated to become Canada (in 1867), Australia (in 1901), South Africa (in 1910), and Rhodesia (in 1965). This is particularly important for cases involving serious crimes and where it is impossible to find a jury who will not know the defendant in a small population island.[51]. [43] With 1997 approaching, the United Kingdom and China negotiated the Sino-British Joint Declaration, which led to the whole of Hong Kong becoming a "special administrative region" of China in 1997, subject to various conditions intended to guarantee the preservation of Hong Kong's capitalist economy and its way of life under British rule for at least 50 years after the handover. Indian troops replacing 10,000 British troops captured by the Turks in Iraq, 1916. 1 Antigua and Barbuda Lesotho Sierra Leone Australia Malawi Singapore The Bahamas Malaysia Solomon Islands Bangladesh Malta* South Africa Barbados Mauritius Sri Lanka Belize Mozambique Swaziland Botswana Namibia Tonga Brunei Nauru Trinidad … The United Kingdom (UK) is an island nation located in Western Europe. Im Jahr 2002 verabschiedete das Parlament des Vereinigten Königreiches den British … The Good Government Fund which provides assistance on government administration; The Economic Diversification Programme Budget which aim to diversify and enhance the economic bases of the territories. These territories are current British overseas territories from their formation on 1 January 1983. Introduction. [87][88][89], In January 2016, the UK government announced the intention to create a marine protected area around Ascension Island. Euro (accepted unofficially in most establishments)[citation needed], Saint Helenian pound (parity with pound sterling) The fourteen British Overseas Territories are territories under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom.They do not, however, form part of it. Area: 660,000 square miles (1,709,400 sq km), 3. The British Overseas Territories generally look after their own policing matters and have their own police forces. For the smaller territories, the UK may appoint a UK-based lawyer or judge to work on legal cases. In the case of Hong Kong before 1 July 1997, residents could (in some circumstances) register as British nationals overseas (BNO). Defence of the Overseas Territories is the responsibility of the UK. The British Overseas Territories located in the Caribbean, once widely known as British West Indies, represented back in the heyday of the Empire just small additions of red marks in the imperial map. Bermuda and Bermudians have played important, sometimes pivotal, but generally underestimated or unacknowledged roles in the shaping of the English and British trans-Atlantic Empires. Antigua and Barbuda Kenya Samoa Australia Kiribati Seychelles The Bahamas Lesotho Sierra Leone Bangladesh Malawi Singapore Barbados Malaysia Solomon Islands Belize Maldives South Africa Botswana Malta Sri Lanka Brunel Darussalam … Commonwealth countries. Gibraltar was a fortress which was never conquered while under British control. Commonwealth countries1. [33][34] The British Overseas Territories and Crown Dependencies are themselves distinct from the Commonwealth realms, a group of 16 independent countries (including the United Kingdom) each having Elizabeth II as their reigning monarch, and from the Commonwealth of Nations, a voluntary association of 53 countries mostly with historic links to the British Empire (which also includes all Commonwealth realms). They are remnants of the British Empire and do not form part of the United Kingdom itself. In smaller territories, the senior officer(s) may be recruited or seconded from a UK police force, and specialist staff and equipment may be sent to assist the local force. The first, unofficial, colony was Newfoundland, where English fishermen routinely set up seasonal camps in the 16th century. RedBishop +1. Level 45. The Southern part of BAT was named Queen Elizabeth Land in honor of the queen. Turks and Caicos Islands Each territory has its own attorney general, and court system. Traditionally, the flags follow the Blue Ensign design, with the Union Flag in the canton, and the territory's coat of arms in the fly. The British Overseas Territories have more biodiversity than the entire UK mainland. English colonisation of North America began officially in 1607 with the settlement of Jamestown, the first successful permanent colony in Virginia (a term that was then applied generally to North America). Bahamian dollar (accepted unofficially in the Turks and Caicos Islands)[citation needed], Eastern Caribbean dollar (pegged to US dollar at 2.7ECD=1USD), Bermudian dollar (parity with US dollar) The head of state in the overseas territories is the British monarch, Elizabeth II. The governors of the territories may also allow naturalization of non-BOTCs as BOTCs. [45] The Queen appoints a representative in each territory to exercise her executive power. Falkland Islands 8. Currently[when?] Phillips Idowu tracked down... in Team GB photo – Olympic News", "About the Biodiversity of the UK Overseas Territories", "Science: UK Overseas Territories: Biodiversity", "Turks and Caicos Islands – UNESCO World Heritage Centre", "Island of St Helena – UNESCO World Heritage Centre", "World's Largest Single Marine Reserve Created in Pacific", "Pitcairn Islands get huge marine reserve", "Pitcairn Islands to get world's largest single marine reserve", "Ascension Island to become marine reserve", Outposts: Journeys to the Surviving Relics of the British Empire, Foreign and Commonwealth Office – UK Overseas Territories, British Overseas Territories Act 2002 – Text of the Act, Governors, civil commissioners, and administrators of British dependencies, Commissioner for the British Antarctic Territory, Commissioner for the British Indian Ocean Territory, Commissioner for South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Governor-General of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Governors of British South African colonies, Lieutenant-Governor of Demerara-Essequibo, Governor of Saint Christopher, Nevis and Anguilla, Governor-in-Chief of the Windward Islands, Governor-General of the West Indies Federation, Governor of Rhode-island and Providence Plantations, High Commissioner for the Federated Malay States, General Adviser to the Government of Johore, High Commissioners for Palestine and Transjordan, High Commissioner for the Western Pacific, Lieutenant Governor of the Swan River Colony, List of countries by English-speaking population, List of countries where English is an official language, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=British_Overseas_Territories&oldid=1000475700, Dependent territories of European countries, 1983 establishments in British Overseas Territories, Articles with dead external links from November 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles lacking reliable references from June 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from April 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2009, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from November 2020, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from November 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "A people of excellence, moulded by nature, nurtured by God".

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