housing pattern of sikkim

[137], Beer, whiskey, rum and brandy are widely consumed in Sikkim,[138] as is tongba, a millet-based alcoholic beverage that is popular in Nepal and Darjeeling. [81][82] Sikkim produces more cardamom than any other Indian state and is home to the largest cultivated area of cardamom. The Kanchenjunga National Park (established in 1977), near the peak from which it draws its name, is among the largest of India’s high-elevation conservation areas. Forbes, Andrew; Henley, David (2011). [108], Sikkim's roads are maintained by the Border Roads Organisation (BRO), an offshoot of the Indian Army. There is little lowland, and the variation in relief is extreme. Contact Owner. The Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) is a unicameral elected body, with a portion of the seats allocated to the combined Lepcha and Bhutia populations. The construction work assigned to the Buildings & Housing Department, Government of Sikkim has already commenced. Smart Cities. The study shows that the forest sector in Sikkim is unlikely to be adversely impacted by climate change in the short- and medium-term. The Noble Dendrobium is the official flower of Sikkim, while the rhododendron is the state tree. Considering the gradual decline in the interest level of young students to pursue careers in the field of S & T in the country, there is a pressing need to strengthen STEM (science, technology, engineering & mathematics) education by creating additional infrastructure for hands-on and engaging activities, especially in non-formal mode of education. [32][33][34] Sikkim was gradually granted more sovereignty over the next three decades,[35] and became a member of the Chamber of Princes, the assembly representing the rulers of the Indian princely states, in 1922. RESALE. Dwellings on the Himalayan slopes at Lachung, Sikkim, India. Hide. If you are interested in writing a housing report please contact the WHE Editorial Board. Lumpsum Provision scheme for the benefit of NER including Sikkim. PMAY, also referred to as the ‘Housing for All by 2022’ scheme, is being implemented in seven mission towns in Sikkim namely Gangtok, Mangan, Singtam, … Elaichi, or cardamom, is the chief cash crop of Sikkim. Ravongla, Jorethang, Namchi and Yangyang are the subdivisions of the South district. In 1950 the Indo-Sikkimese Treaty made Sikkim an Indian protectorate, with India assuming responsibility for the external relations, defense, and strategic communications of Sikkim. 3. Sikkim lacks significant railway infrastructure. [31], Sikkim became a British protectorate in the later decades of the 19th century, formalised by a convention signed with China in 1890. Many monasteries are repositories of wall paintings, thang-kas (religious paintings mounted on brocade), bronze images, and other artworks. [25] Gangtok is Sikkim’s largest settlement. In 1890 an agreement was concluded between the British and the Tibetans that defined the border between Sikkim and Tibet. Many areas are restricted to foreigners, and official permits are needed to visit them. The state government has already completed the construction of about 80,000 homes in the financial year 2015-16 under the 2BHK housing scheme. View Phone Number. Tibetans reside mostly in the northern and eastern reaches of the state. Little is known of Sikkim’s history prior to the 17th century. Sikkim is blessed by a fertile land that largely supports agriculture. Chinese officials were in a quandary on this issue, as any protests to India would mean an explicit endorsement of India's governance of Sikkim, which China still recognised as an independent state occupied by India. Art & Culture; Festivals in Sikkim; How to reach Sikkim; Statistics . Nepali-language newspapers, as well as some English newspapers, are locally printed, whereas Hindi and English newspapers are printed in Siliguri. The second striking pattern is the most backward tribal sub- districtregarding housing amenities also situated in the developed districts of the state such as Kota and Bilha block of Bilaspur, Kharsia block of Raigarh districts. The capital is Gangtok, in the southeastern part of the state. [73] Some of the most understudied species are Sikkimese arthropods, specifically butterflies. This prompted the British East India Company to attack Nepal, resulting in the Gurkha War of 1814. Per capita consumption of electricity in Sikkim was approximately 182 kWh in 2006. [73], Sikkim also has a rich diversity of arthropods, many of which remain unstudied. The most important festival of the year is the two-day Phanglhapsol festival in August or September, in which masked dancers perform in honour of Kanchenjunga, the presiding deity. Gangtok (/ ˈ ɡ æ ŋ t ɒ k / (), Nepali: ) is a city, municipality, the capital and the largest town of the Indian state of Sikkim.It is also the headquarters of the East Sikkim district. Professor and Head, Geography Department, University of Jammu, India. Urban Transport. Evidently the housing pattern has been changing fast wheresoever motorable roads enter. [31][63][64] However, the 2019 legislative assembly elections were won by the Sikkim Krantikari Morcha party and the chief minister since then is Prem Singh Tamang. 10000 sq feet land almost 8 km from melli towards namchi, tourist location in sikkim. There are a few large hydroelectric stations and many smaller plants that provide energy to Gangtok, Rangpo, Singtam, and Mangan. Invest Sikkim. Thereafter, a referendum was held in which 97.5 per cent of voters supported abolishing the monarchy, effectively approving union with India. First, the 35th Amendment laid down a set of conditions that made Sikkim an "Associate State", a special designation not used by any other state. PMAY(Urban) & ASHA-India Awards 2019; Light House Projects; About PMAY Diversity, distribution pattern and utilization of bamboos in Sikkim Bishnu Kumar Sharma1*, Musadiq Hussain Bhat2, Mufida Fayaz2, ... Bamboos are traditionally important in supplying housing, tools and other implements, musical instruments and other handicrafts (McClure 1966). Area 2,740 square miles (7,096 square km). [135] Sikkim's most popular sports are football and cricket, although hang gliding and river rafting have grown popular as part of the tourism industry. [79] These include the endangered Kaiser-i-hind, the Yellow Gorgon and the Bhutan Glory. Himalaya Darpan, a Nepali daily published in Siliguri, is one of the leading Nepali daily newspapers in the region. During the Losar (Tibetan New Year), most offices and educational institutions are closed for a week. [94][95] It has been constructed by the Airports Authority of India on 200 acres of land. Several passes across this range afford easy access to the Chumbi valley in Tibet and, beyond the valley, to the Tibetan capital of Lhasa. The state is divided into a handful of districts. The investigation is entire Gangtok area, in East Sikkim and total area is 30.25 sq. Sikkim, state of India, located in the northeastern part of the country, in the eastern Himalayas. [119], The majority of Sikkim's residents are of Nepali ethnic origin. Sikkim has the third-highest per capita alcoholism rate amongst all Indian states, behind Punjab and Haryana. [83], Because of its hilly terrain and poor transport infrastructure, Sikkim lacks a large-scale industrial base. The Bhutia began entering the area from Tibet in the 14th century. Sikkim is known for producing a special variety of tea that is known for its taste and quality throughout the world. [10] The state's economy is largely agrarian based on the terraced farming of rice and the cultivation of crops such as maize, millet, wheat, barley, oranges, tea, and cardamom. The main service providers include Dish TV, Doordarshan and Nayuma. HRIDAY. Sikkim Housing and Development Board appointed under section 6; [(16a) "State Government" means the Government of Sikkim.] [27], Following the beginning of British rule in neighbouring India, Sikkim allied with Britain against their common adversary, Nepal. [2] Additional official languages include Gurung, Limbu, Magar, Mukhia, Newari, Rai, Sherpa and Tamang for the purpose of preservation of culture and tradition in the state. The state has 28 mountain peaks, more than 80 glaciers,[52] 227 high-altitude lakes (including the Tsongmo, Gurudongmar and Khecheopalri Lakes), five major hot springs, and more than 100 rivers and streams. The legendary Abominable Snowman, or yeti, called Nee-gued in Sikkim, is believed to roam its slopes. At an altitude of 4,700 feet (1,400 m) above sea level, it is one of the five highest airports in India. The Sikkim Climate Inventory Monitoring System (SCIMS) is … [36] A standstill agreement was signed in February 1948. Depending on elevation and exposure, annual precipitation varies from 50 to 200 inches (1,270 to 5,080 mm), most occurring during the months of the southwest monsoon (May through October). Gangtok is Sikkim’s largest settlement. The official languages of the state are English, Nepali, Sikkimese and Lepcha. [96][97] The airport is capable of operating ATR aircraft.[98]. Between 1717 and 1733, the kingdom faced many raids by the Nepalese in the west and Bhutanese in the east, culminating with the destruction of the capital Rabdentse by the Nepalese. Panchayats (village councils) administer the villages and implement welfare programs. It is located in the East District of Sikkim, lies between 27.33° N latitude and 88.62°E longitude. [152] Many students, however, migrate to Siliguri, Kolkata, Bangalore and other Indian cities for their higher education. The government structure is organised into three branches: In 1975, after the abrogation of Sikkim's monarchy, the Indian National Congress gained a majority in the 1977 elections. [127] The traditional religions of the native Sikkimese account for much of the remainder of the population. The GMC was abolished under the Sikkim (Repeal and Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1985and its power and functions were reverted to Local Self Government. 'The Tea Horse Road from Lhasa to Sikkim'. Share Feedback. The roads in southern Sikkim are in relatively good condition, landslides being less frequent in this region. Roads, though not extensive, are the primary mode of travel. Some two-thirds of Sikkim consists of perpetually snow-covered mountains, dominated by the Kanchenjunga massif. The MLA also says the state government has backed hydro-electric projects because the state, being located in a fragile region, does not have many options for growing its economy. The project started from September 2012. Shortlist. km. The state's first casino, the Casino Sikkim, opened in March 2009, and the government subsequently issued a number of additional casino licences and online sports betting licenses. [134], Western rock music and Indian pop have gained a wide following in Sikkim. [132], Sikkimese Muslims celebrate Eid ul-Fitr and Muharram. However, some hill slopes have been converted into terrace farms. The Chogyal Palden Thondup Namgyal asked India for help in quelling the movement, which was offered in the form of a small military police force and an Indian Dewan. The sex ratio is 889 females per 1,000 males, with a total of 321,661 males and 286,027 females recorded in 2011. Lower courts include district courts, which handle both criminal and civil cases, and sessions courts, which generally handle civil cases; judicial magistrates rule on criminal offenses. Other notable towns include Singtam, Rangpo, Jorethang, Naya Bazar, Mangan, Gyalshing, and Namchi.

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